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Don’t Want that Sandwich? Can’t sell it? Don’t throw it away, though!

May 13th, 2013Business, California, Design, Education, Environment, Food, Interviews, National

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Dana Frasz is a food entrepreneur.  She wants to recycle food, taking the food that’s not consumed and putting it into the hands of those who cannot afford it.  She wants companies to stop wasting so much food – at the grocery story and in restaurants.  She wants us all to be aware of how much we’re throwing in the dustbin.  Too idealistic?  Frasz would argue otherwise.  Hear her talk about her passion – FoodShift. 

How much waste is there currently in the US and how accurate are these figures?

40% of all the food produced in the US is wasted.

This figure is from national experts on food waste – author, Jonathan Bloom wrote “American Wasteland: How America Throws Away Nearly Half its Food” and Dana Gunders has been researching this issue for at the Natural Resources Defense Council.

What are grocery stores doing currently to prevent food waste?  Are there any policies in place to prevent this?

Some grocery stores are donating excess food or marking down the prices of food that is still good but may be past its peak freshness, damaged in some way or cosmetically imperfect.  There is a federal policy in place to encourage food donation.  It’s called the Good Samaritan Food Act and it was passed specifically to encourage the donation of food.  It protects food donors from liability as long as they are donating to a non-profit.  Many food donors can also receive tax deductions for their donations.

What has been the toughest part for you, as an activist and a social entrepreneur, in this effort?

I am really disturbed by the excessive waste and consumption in American culture.

Our materialistic lifestyles in the US have negative social and environmental impacts around the world. Rather than living in harmony with the earth, we are perpetuating a culture that is dependent on exploitation, extraction and acquisition. Food waste is not only a waste of nutrition, it squanders water, depletes soil, wastes fossil fuels and adds greatly to the world’s carbon footprint.

What is your solution? 

Food Shift is working with Oakland schools to ensure surplus food from the cafeteria is redistributed to students and families rather than thrown in the garbage. We are working with a local grocer who has expressed interest in paying Food Shift to recover food from their stores.  This would allow us to employ someone in the process while reducing waste disposal costs for the business.  We are interested in developing food recovery and redistribution models that increase access to more nutrition food, reduce waste and generate revenue in some way so they can sustain and scale – like low-cost markets and value-added products.

How feasible is it?

We have trash and recycling removal in this country, why not have a food recovery service sector that recovers and redistributes surplus food as an extension of our current waste management system?

It may sound crazy, but it is realistic strategy and could create a lot of jobs in the green economy.  Generating revenue from food that would otherwise be wasted is possible, but by no means easy.  It’s a difficult challenge to ensure food safety, to establish new distribution channels and to pilot new models that are outside of the current norm.

Why do stores not simply list fresh foods items as 50% off at night, an hour or so before closing?  That seems to make sense to avoid waste and still make some money. 

It makes so much sense – and people love a good deal.  Berkeley Bowl estimates it sells $1,500 per day of produce off its bargain shelf, which offers bags of damaged or nearly expired produce for  99 cents, Andronicos is running a program with Food Star to sell cosmetically imperfect produce at a low cost and Zero Percent is a technology that is allowing food establishment to post their surplus through an online application at either a discount or for donation.  These are all great innovations that more businesses should adopt to reduce waste, save money and protect the environment.

Are there models for food waste elsewhere in the world (that you’ve read/seen) that you would like to see implemented here in the US?

The United Kingdom is leading the way on this issue. A campaign there called Love Food Hate Waste has reduced food waste by 18% over the course of 5 years.  The UK has also standardized date labels so they are not so confusing for consumers.  Many grocery stores there provide storage instructions for fruits and vegetables and informational tips and ads are displayed in over 12,000 stores.  Instead of buy-one-get-one-free promotions, some UK stores are piloting a buy-one-give-one-free or get one later program. I also really like Rubbies in the  Rubble – a company in the UK making jam and chutney from rescued produce.

What can each person do? 

Become a food waste champion within your family and circle of friends!  There are lots of recipes and other tips online.  Here is a storage guide. And until May 12th you can vote for Food Shift in this contest to win $50,000 of free advertising on San Francisco’s public transit system.   If Food Shift wins this contest, it would mean thousands of people would be exposed to informational ads about the social and environmental costs of wasted food. Our campaign would be the first of its kind in this country and would inspire and invite Bay Area residents to be part of the solution. Help us win by voting now and sharing with your friends!   http://bit.ly/ZfntKG

4 Responses

  1. HotFlash says:

    I wonder if attacking waste at the end of the chain is the right way to go. The multinational food giants still make their money by stupid, unsustainable, resource-wasting, land-wasting and worker-wasting processes. Not to mention the contempt for species diversity, genetic integrity and the health and well-being of the people eating the food. The food transport industry doesn’t have to clean up their act(why are we trucking potato chips for thousands of miles?), the food retailers still make their money *plus* will get brownie points for ‘donating’ their spoilage.

    Meanwhile, there may be marginalized people (and there are getting to be more of those every day, with every layoff and every foreclosure) who currently subsist by ‘dumpster diving’. They would be herded into the Official Charity System, which too often tends to humiliate recipients and overpay their CEO’s. I have a couple of friends, both gifted writers, who are having enough trouble in their lives, but at least can consider themselves independent by doing odd bits of writing and dumpster diving (on *their* schedule, very important) for food and some other stuff. If they had to go to food banks, that would be, I think, very hard for them to take. If you have never had the pleasure of getting food from a charity or food bank, just remember your school cafeteria, only with longer lines.

    An analogy: back a few decades unused urban factory space could be rented cheaply by artists, writers, musicians and such as ‘studio’ space. It was illegal to actually live in these spaces, but with a little creative plumbing they were wonderful and affordable places for creative artists and other typically undervalued but important members of society. The low rent and ‘live+work’ setup allowed them to be creative on their schedule (who knows when the muse may arrive?) and not have to commit precious hours to making rent. Subsequently these spaces got snapped up by developers who got them rezoned, added a few appliances and voila! Authentic loft condos, at a spiffy profit! The arty types got pushed out and now have to pay ‘market’ rents for live/work space (when they can find it) and spend more of their effort to pay landlords (and, of course, ever-increasing student loans repayment) than to following their muse. Some have opted to move out to the boonies, but that brings other problems, not the least of which is lack of the intellectual stimulation of like-minded persons and the need to commute to markets/work. You may find a cheap place to live but it’s not a great deal if you have a three-hour commute to get to a gig, or galleries, or art schools to teach, or concert hall to perform, or just to stay visible and ‘in the loop’.

    This puts artists, musicians, etc under much more pressure to produce commecially viable and/or easily salable art (ie, schlock). It may be coincidental the the quality of art has declined, but I have my opinion: loss of un/disorganized living space has gotta be a contributing factor.

    Loss of un/disorganized urban foraging will take a toll as well. Attack our admittedly horrible food supply at the source, not at the end.

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